- a) Obtain the first three nonzero terms of the Taylor series
of about
.

b) Use part (a) to calculate

- a) Obtain = the Taylor polynomial
of order 3 of about
b) Use the plots of and to obtain an approximate value of the maximum error for .

- a) Calculate the radius of convergence of the series .
b) Sketch in the number line an open interval of points for which the series converges.

- A solid is produced by revolving
about the x-axis the region
in the plane bounded by , , and .
a) Write down a Riemann sum that approximates the volume of the solid.

b) Find the exact volume of the resulting solid.

- Answer questions (a) and (b) of the previous problem, only now the solid is produced by revolving about the -axis.
- An oil slick has the shape of a circle with radius 7,000
feet. After measurements were taken, it has been determined that
the density of the oil at "r" feet from the center
of the circle is given by the formula

a) Write down a Riemann sum that approximates the total mass of the oil.

b) Use part (a) to express the mass of the oil as an integral.

- A 1 m. long rod has (linear) density ,
where is the distance from
one end.
a) Obtain a Riemann sum that approximates the total mass of the rod.

b) Calculate the total mass of the rod as an integral.

c) Calculate the center of mass of the rod.

- A feet tall water tank
has the shape of an inverted cone (i.e, the vertex is at the
bottom) with circular top with radius 10 feet and height 20 feet.
Water weighs .
a)Write down a Riemann sum that approximates the work required to take the water out of the tank from the top.

b) obtain the exact work in part (a) by calculating a suitable integral.

- A dam has the shape of a trapezoid, with horizontal parallel
sides measuring 30 ft. (bottom) and 60 ft (top). The height of
the dam is 30 ft., and one vertical side is perpendicular to
both base and top. The dam has water up to the top on one side.
(Water weighs 62.4 .)
a) Write down a Riemann sum that approximates the total force excerted by the water on the dam.

b) Obtain an integral that gives the total force of the water on the dam.

- A certain amount of fresh water shrimp is placed in a tank
together with 2 lbs. of food, at 12:00 p.m. on January 1st. An
additional 2 lbs. of food are added to the tank every 24 hours.
After every 24 hours,
of the food either decomposes or is eaten.
How much food is in the tank right before 12:00 p.m. on January 20 th? Give details, and explain how you arrived at your answer.

- If is the order 2
Taylor polynomial approximating the function
near , estimate the error
in the approximation
by two methods:
a) Using the plots of and directly.

b) Using the inequality studied in class for error estimation when approximating a function by a Taylor polynomial.

- a) Plot the
periodic function given
by
for .
For the plot, use the region ,
and .
b) Calculate the Fourier polynomial of order 2 of .

**Determine if the series given below converges or diverges**

(Note: each one can be treated in more than one way!)

SOLUTION

- a) Take in to get

This gives the answer in less time than actually calculating the coefficients one by one (which is ok too).

b) Replace the function by the first few terms of the series to get

- a) Direct calculation gives the polynomial

b)

- a) The radius of convergence is given by

b) The interval

- a) By taking sections perpendicular to the axis of rotation,
we get ``washers''. At the tickmark
the washer has inner radius , outer radius ,
and thickness .

The Riemann sum that approximates the volumen is

The volume is obtained by taking limit as . We have,

- a) By taking sections perpendicular to the axis of rotation,
we get ``disks''. At the tickmark
the radius
and thickness . The Riemann
sum that approximates the volumen is

b) The volume is obtained by taking limit as . We have,

- a)

b)

- a)

b)

c)

- A cross-section of the cone (shown in the figure) is bounded
by the lines and .

Introduce tick marks in the -axis. The slab at height is a disk with radius and thickness , so its volume is , and its weight is . The work involved in raising the slab a distance of to the top of the cone is

The total work is approximated by

The exact work is given by

- a) A sketch of the dam is shown in the figure.

Note that the equation of the right hand, non-horizontal side is . Introduce tick marks , in the y axis. At height , the slab has area , and the pressure at this height is . Therefore the force on the slab is

The total force is approximated by

The exact value of the total force is obtained by taking the limit of the sum as :

- The following table is helpful:
day amount before 24hrs are up Jan 2 Jan 3 Jan 4 Jan 20

Then, the amount right before noon on January 20th is

- a) The Taylor polynomial of degree 2 of f(x) is

so the absolute value of the error in approximating f(0.5) by P(0.5) is

b) The function

is decreasing on the interval (0,0.5), so it attains its maximum in that interval at t=0. The maximum is

The error bound when approximating f(0.5) by P(0.5) is

- a)

b) we have that

For details, we calculate step by step below.

Therefore, the Fourier polynomial we seek is .

- Solution 1: Note that behaves
like when is large, so we suspect that the
series diverges. The following inequalities are clearly valid:

The term in the center simplifies to . Since diverges, so does . This is our original series with only the first term changed, so our original series also diverges.Solution 2: We use the integral test. Set for . Now Therefore, the series diverges too.

- Solution 1: Note that . Therefore the series diverges.

Solution 2: Using comparison, we have

Since is divergent, so is our original series.