MTH 142 Practice Problems for Exam 3

This is a selection of sample problems from
sections 10.1 through 10.7

- Consider the differential equation
,
where is a positive constant.
One (and only one) of the following slope field plots
is definitely not associated with this
differential equation.
Which plot
*does not*correspond to the differential equation? Explain why not.

3in 3in

- Suppose that is a solution of the initial value problem , . Use Euler's method with to estimate .
- Make a rough sketch of the slope field for the differential
equation
.
Find an equilibrium solution and determine from the plot if it is
stable or unstable. Explain why.
- A yam has been heated to 170 degrees Fahrenheit and is placed in a room
whose temperature is maintained at degrees F.
In half an hour the yam cools to 100 degrees F.
Let be the temperature of the yam at time hours
after it was placed in the room.
a) Assume the Newton's law of cooling applies, write a differential equation satisfied by .

b) Solve the differential equation to find a formula for .

- A drug is given intravenously at a rate of 5 mg/hr.
The drug is excreted frmo the patient's body at a rate proportional
to the amount present, with constant of proportionality equal to 0.2.
No drug is present at time 0.
a) Write a differential equation satisfied by .

b) If treatment is continued for a long, long time, how much of the drug will be present in the body?

- Solve the initial value problems:
a) , .

b) , .

- The growth of certain population is
described by the differential equation
,
where is the population at time days.
The initial population is 25 mill.
a) What is the population at the time when the population is growing most rapidly?

b) Will the population ever exceed 900 mill.? Explain.

- The following is data corresponding to certain population.
t (days) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 P (mill) 3.975 7.2 12.825 23.55 37.65 57.0 79.27

a) Use the data to calculate approximately the blanks in the table.

b) Use (a) to plot versus ,

c) fit a line as best you can through the points, and then obtain a differential equation satisfied by .